Old but still Gold : Visualforce pages

Ever been confused what kind of web content can be added to visualforce pages? Or where can you store images or other resources and use them in the visualforce page itself? Here we will give you a quick run through on where and how to upload css file and javascript file as static resources and refer them from visualforce page.

Following types of web content can be added to visualforce page:

  • Html
  • Css style sheets (saved as static resource)
  • Javascript (saved as static resource)
  • iFrame to embed an external web page within a visualforce page.
  • The component can display an interactive, JavaScript-based Map.

How to add static resources in Salesforce?

Static resources can be used to store and be referenced in a visualforce page, such as images, stylesheets, JavaScript and libraries.

Adding .css File as a static resource

Step 1) Create a .css file

Step 2) Save it as a static resource

Setup -> Settings -> Static resource


Adding .js file as Static resource in Salesforce

Step 1) Create a .js file

Step 2) Save it as a static resource

Setup -> Settings -> Static resource



  • Html can be used in a visualforce page. For example.<html>,<body>,<head>,<h1> and <p> tages can be used to design visualforce pages.
  • Inline css code can be defined for HTML tags inside the HTML page.
 <apex:page standardController="Account"> <style> html,body,p {font-family:sans-serif;} </style> <apex:form> <h1> {!Account.Name}</h1><br/> <h2>Account Details</h2><br/> <div id="theAccForm"> <div> <apex:outputLabel for="name" value="Account Name"/> <apex:inputField  id="name" value="{!Account.Name}"/> </div> <br/> <div> <apex:outputLabel for="emp" value="Number Of Employees"/> <apex:inputField  id="emp" value="{!Account.NumberOfEmployees}"/> </div> <div> <br/> <apex:outputLabel for="site" value="Account Site:  "/> <apex:inputField  id="site" value="{!Account.Site}"/> </div> <div>  <br/> <apex:outputLabel for="desc" value="Description:  "/> <apex:inputField  id="desc" value="{!Account.Description}"/> </div> <div id="formControl"> <apex:commandButton  action="{!Save}" value="Save"/> </div> </div> </apex:form> </apex:page>

Let’s take some examples to see how to add these to the visualforce page?

1)Adding CSS Style Sheets:

<apex:stylesheet> tage can be used to add stylesheets to a visuaforce page.

The CSS stylesheet is saved as a static resource.

The stylesheet can be referenced by the $Resource global variable in the <apex:stylesheet> tag’s value attribute.

Example: SampleSty.css

 h1 {color: #f00; } p { background-color: #eec; } sales {color: #f60; font-weight: bold; }


 <apex:page showHeader="false" > <apex:stylesheet  value="{!$Resource.SampleSty}"/> <h1>Welcome to MyTutorialRack </h1> <p> This website contains tutorials related to Salesforce adminstration, apex, Lightning and visualforce.We help you to become Salesforce developer. </p> <apex:outputText styleClass="sales"> MyTutorialRack </apex:outputText> </apex:page>

2) Adding Javascript inside visualforce page:

  • Javascript functionality such as javaScript libraries can be accessed by including a javaScript in a visualforce page.
  • The javascript file needs to be uploaded as a static resource and called from the visualforce page.

Example: JavaSExam.js

 function changeFont(input, textid) { if(input.checked) { document.getElementById(textid).style.fontWeight = "bold"; } else { document.getElementById(textid).style.fontWeight = "normal"; } }


</pre> <apex:page> <apex:includeScript value="{!$Resource.JavaSExam}"/> <apex:outputPanel layout="block"> <label for="checkbox">Click this box to change text font:</label> <input id="checkbox" type="checkbox" onclick="changeFont(this,'{!$Component.thePanel}');"/> </apex:outputPanel> &nbsp; <!-- This outputPanel is the target, and contains text that will be changed. --> <apex:outputPanel id="thePanel" layout="block"> Change my font weight! </apex:outputPanel> </apex:page> <pre>

3) Adding iFrame Component:

  • The <apex:iFrame> component is used to create an inline frame within a visualforce page.
  • It can be used to display an external website in salesforce.
  • The external web source can be specified using the src attribute.
  • Other attributes such as width and height can be used to customize the size of the inline frame.


</pre> <!—remove the width and height attributes and see the difference à <apex:page > <apex:iframe src="https://mytutorialrack.com/"  width="400" height="500"/> </apex:page> <pre>

Learn more https://trailhead.salesforce.com/en/modules/visualforce_fundamentals

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